Open-access E-journal for 
International Scholars, Practitioners, and Students of Multicultural Education

ISSN: 1559-5005
Copyright © 1999-2006 by 
Electronic Magazine of Multicultural Education

(FALL 2004: vol. 6, no. 2)

Theme: Multicultural Curriculum for Math and Science

Daria Mukhopadhyay & Henze

Gaylord Lee

Art Books



Previous Issues
Call for Papers
Call for Reviewers
Issue Themes
About EMME
About the Editors

Heewon Chang, Ph. D.
Linda Stine, Ph. D.
Copy Editor

Hwa Young Caruso,  Ed. D. &  John Caruso, Jr. , Ph. D.
Art Review Editors 
Leah Jeannesdaughter Klerr

Assistant Editor

Eastern University
Education Department
1300 Eagle Road
St. Davids, PA,

Electronic Magazine of Multicultural Education

Fall 2004 (Vol. 6, No. 2)

Theme: Multicultural Curriculum for Math and Science

Overview | Articles | INSTRUCTIONAL IDEAS | Reviews of Resources


The 2004 Fall issue continues with the multicultural curriculum theme, focusing on math and science.  These two subjects are often perceived as either the most challenging or the least relevant areas of studies to integrate into multicultural education.  I propose that teachers consider at least three ways to infuse multicultural education into the math and science curriculum.  Firstly, they may adopt into their curriculum mathematical and scientific contributions that different societies have made to the advancement of human knowledge.   Secondly, they may undertake biographical studies of mathematicians and scientists from various cultural and gender backgrounds.  Thirdly, they may apply culturally relevant pedagogy to their math and science instruction so that all students, including students of color, students from low socio-economic status, and females, will receive quality education and an equal chance to perform to their maximum capacity.  Articles and reviews of resources published in this issue will help teachers infuse multicultural contents and pedagogy into their math and science curriculum.  Some readers may be surprised to discover that a significant amount of information is available to assist their instruction.

The Articles section includes two articles.  Daria's article is concerned with female students' achievement in math and science.  Readers may find her annotated bibliography of websites useful.  Mukhopadhyay and Henze's article, reprinted from Kappa Delta Pi with permission, thoroughly discusses the peculiar biological, but not scientific, concept of "race" and its social implication, using an anthropological perspective.  

The Instructional Ideas section presents two hands-on activity ideas that  incorporate Asian cultural content into math lessons.  Gaylor's idea of the math slat book from ancient China is reprinted from her website with the author's permission.  Illustrated with photographs, the idea may be easily implemented with younger-aged children.  Lee's essay introduces a Korean's traditional board game, called "Yut-nori," through which the mathematical concept of probability is taught.  Due to the level of this mathematical concept, this instructional idea may be more appropriate for upper elementary children.  

Three review sections review arts, books, and websites.  The Art Reviews, presented by Dr. John Caruso, one of our Art Review co-editors, features some Inca and Aztec artifacts representing their cultural and technological advancement.  The review is complemented by vivid photographs of 12 artifacts from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.  The Book Reviews section reviews four juvenile and 10 professional books.  Among the professional books, readers will find practical and useful collections of  instructional activities for multicultural math and science.  The Multimedia Reviews section contains ten reviews of websites pertaining to multicultural math and science curriculum.  

In addition to the authors who contributed excellent pieces to this issue, I would like to thank  our editorial staff, Dr. Linda Stine for coming on board and jumping right into the tight copy-editing schedule, Dr. John Caruso for the enlightening arts review, and Leah Klerr for her technological knowledge and dedicated work as Assistant Editor.  I also acknowledge peer reviewers who provided invaluable assistance and three graduate and undergraduate students who contributed reviews of resources to this issue.

Abstracts of the articles and the instructional ideas are provided below.  Full texts are accessible from the abstracts.  Enjoy the issue of multicultural curriculum in math and science and send your comments to the editorial staff at

Heewon Chang, Ph. D.


Math and Science Websites for Teachers
Resources for Enhancing Learning for Girls at the Elementary, Middle, and High School Levels
by Marsha D. Daria
, Western Connecticut State University
U. S. A.


Using Anthropology to Make Sense of Human Diversity
by Carol Mukhopadhyay and Rosemary C. Henze,
San José State University
, U. S. A.


Instructional Ideas

by Susan Kapuscinski Gaylord,
Independent Educator, U. S. A.

An Example of Using a Korean Traditional Game
Ji-Eun Lee, Auburn University-Montgomery, U. S. A.


Reviews of Resources

(Editors' note:  At time of publication, all hyperlinks referenced in this article are active.  We are not responsible for content not hosted by EMME.)


A Multicultural Resource  



Literature for Young Readers

Demi. (1997). One Grain of Rice: A Mathematical Folktale. New York, NY: Scholastic.

Haskins, J. (1991). Count Your Way Through China. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books.

Slocum, J. (2(2003). The Tangram Book: The Story of the Chinese Puzzle with Over 2000 Puzzles to Solve. New York: Sterling Publishing.

St. John, J. (1996). Native American Scientists: Fred Begay, Wilfred F. Denetclaw Jr., Frank C. Dukepoo, Clifton Poodry, Jerrel Yakel. Mankato, MN: Capstone Press.
N: Capstone Press.

Professional Literature

Ballin, A., Benson, J., & Burt, L. (1993). Trash Conflicts: A Science and Social Studies Curriculum on the Ethics of Disposal. Cambridge, MA: Educators for Social Responsibility.

Barton, A. C., Ermer, J. L., Burkett, T. A., & Osborne, M. D. (2003). Teaching Science for Social Justice. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Bazin, M., Tamez, M., & the Exploratorium Teacher Institute. (2002). Math and Science Across Cultures: Activities and Investigations from the Exploratorium. New York, NY: The New Press.

Caduto, M. J. & Bruchac, J. (1997). Keepers of Life: Discovering Plants Through Native American Stories and Earth Activities For Children. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing.

Grant, T. & Littlejohn, G. (Eds.) (2001). Teaching About Climate Change: Cool Schools Tackle Global Warming. British Columbia, Canada: New Society Publishers.

Lumpkin, B., Strong, D., & Earle, S. W. (1995). Multicultural Science and Math Connections: Middle School Projects and Activities. Portland, ME: J. Weston Walch.

Moses, R. P. & Cobb, C. (2002). Radical Equations: Civil Rights from Mississippi to the Algebra Project. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Patten, E. & Lyons, K. (2003). Healthy Foods from Healthy Soils: A Hands-On Resource for Teachers. Gardiner, ME: Tilbury House Publishers.

Roth, W. & Barton, A. C. (2004). Rethinking Scientific Literacy. London: Routledge.

Zaslavsky, C. (1995). The Multicultural Math Classroom : Bringing in the World. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.



Films and Video

Inventing the Future: African American Contributions to Scientific Discovery and Invention. (1994). Produced and distributed by The American Chemical Society.

Men of Honor. (2001). Directed by G. Tillman, Jr., Distributed by Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.


4000 Years of Women in Science

Just Garcia Hill: A Virtual Community for Minorities in Science

Multicultural Math Fair

Multicultural Math Activities

Multicultural Science Lessons and Resources 

Multicultural Pavilion's Multicultural Paths Mathematics and Science

Multicultural Perspectives in Mathematics Education

Multicultural Supersite Math and Science SuperLinks

Women-Related Websites in Science/Technology




Editor-in-Chief: Heewon Chang, Ph. D.
Copy Editor: Linda Stine, Ph. D.

Art Review Co-Editors: Hwa Young Caruso, Ed. D. & John Caruso, Jr., Ph. D.
Assistant Editor: Leah Jeannesdaughter Klerr


Eastern University
Education Department

1300 Eagle Rd.
St. Davids, PA, 19087-3696

Copyright © 2004 by Electronic Magazine of Multicultural Education 
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